Wednesday, March 21, 2007

April Fools' Day

အင္း....ဧပရယ္ဖူးလ္ Day နီးလာပါျပီ.....အဲဒါသတိရတာနဲ႔ Wikipedia မွာကၽြန္ေတာ္သြားရွာဖတ္ၾကည္႔တာ ျပန္လည္ေ၀မွ်တာပါ .... အခုပို႔စ္မွာ ဧပရယ္ဖူးလ္ Day စတင္ေပၚေပါက္လာပံုနဲ႔ စတင္ခဲ႔တဲ႔ႏိုင္ငံေတြ အေၾကာင္း ကူးယူေဖာ္ျပထားတာပါ .... ခ်စ္သူ ခင္သူ မိတ္ေဆြ အခ်င္းခ်င္း စေနာက္ၾက တစ္ဦးနဲ႔တစ္ဦး လွည္႔စားၾကရုံတင္ မကပါဘူး .... သတင္းဌာနေတြ ရုပ္ျမင္သံၾကားန႔ဲ အသံလႊင္႔ဌာနေတြ အင္တာနက္က သတင္းေတြကလည္း ဧပရယ္ဖူးလ္လုပ္ပါတယ္ ... အဲဒီအေၾကာင္းအရာ အေသးစိတ္ေတြကုိ ဒီမွာ သြားေရာက္ဖတ္ရႈႏိုင္ပါတယ္ခင္ဗ်ား .... အင္း....ကၽြန္ေတာ္လည္း အဲဒီေန႔ၾကရင္ ဘာလုပ္ရင္ေကာင္းမလဲ မသိဘူး .... ေၾသာ္....ကိုယ္ကုိယ္တိုင္လည္း ဘာအရူးလုပ္ခံရမလဲ မသိေသးဘူး .....

Origin of April Fools' Day
The origin of this custom has been much disputed. Many theories have been suggested.

What seems certain is that it is in some way or other a relic of those once universal festivities held at the vernal equinox, which, beginning on old New Year's Day, the 25th of March, ended on the 2nd of April.

It has been suggested that Europe derived its April-fooling from the French.France was one of the first nations to make January 1 officially New Year's Day (which was already celebrated by many), by decree of Charles IX. This was in 1564, even before the adoption of the Gregorian calendar (See Julian start of the year). Thus the New Year's gifts and visits of felicitation which had been the feature of the 1st of April became associated with the first day of January, and those who disliked or did not hear about the change were fair game for those wits who amused themselves by sending mock presents and paying calls of pretended ceremony on the 1st of April. French and Dutch references from 1508 and 1539 respectively describe April Fools' Day jokes and the custom of making them on the first of April.

Though the 1st of April appears to have been anciently observed in Great Britain as a general festival, it was apparently not until the beginning of the 18th century that the making of April-fools was a common custom.

In Scotland the custom was known as "hunting the gowk," i.e. the cuckoo, and April-fools were "April-gowks," the cuckoo being there, as it is in many countries, a term of contempt.

In France the person fooled is known as poisson d'avril. This has been explained from the association of ideas arising from the fact that in April the sun quits the zodiacal sign of the fish. A far more natural explanation would seem to be that the April fish would be a young fish and therefore easily caught. The French traditionally celebrated this holiday by placing a dead fish on the back of friends. Today the fish is substituted by a paper cut out.

The Dutch celebrate the 1st of April for other reasons. In 1572, the Netherlands were ruled by Spain's King Philip II. Roaming the region were Dutch rebels who called themselves Geuzen, after the French "gueux", meaning beggars. On 1 April, 1572, the Geuzen seized the small coastal town of Den Briel. This event was also the start of the general civil rising against the Spanish in other cities in the Netherlands. The Duke of Alba, commander of the Spanish army could not prevent the uprising. Bril is the Dutch word for glasses, so on 1 April, 1572, "Alba lost his glasses". Dutch people find this joke so hilarious they still commemorate the first of April.

Chaucer's story, the Nun's Priest's Tale, written c.1400, takes place on 32 March; that is, 1 April; it is Chanticleer and the Fox, a story of two fools.


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